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isle of portland

[58][B] Mean sea surface temperatures range from 7.0 °C (44.6 °F) in February to 17.2 °C (63.0 °F) in August; the annual mean is 11.8 °C (53.2 °F). [77], Some students commute to Weymouth or Dorchester to study A-Levels, or to attend other secondary schools nearby. In the 1980s it was agreed that a scheme to provide storm protection with a 20% annual exceedance probability to reduce flood depth and duration in more severe storms. Portland Bill is the southern tip of the island of Portland. [50] Portland sea lavender can be found on the higher sea cliffs; unique to Portland, it is one of the United Kingdom's rarest plants. Castletown and Chiswell are the other villages in Underhill, and Weston, Southwell, Wakeham and the Grove are on the Tophill plateau. [80] Weymouth and Portland regularly host local, national and international sailing events in their waters; these include the J/24 World Championships in 2005, trials for the 2004 Athens Olympics, the ISAF World Championship 2006, the BUSA Fleet Racing Championships, and the RYA Youth National Championships. It was "the home of the Asdics,"[23] a centre for Admiralty research into asdic submarine detection and underwater weapons from 1917 to 1998; the shore base HMS Serepta was renamed HMS Osprey in 1927. Portland is a part of Dorset like no other; wild, natural and ruggedly beautiful. At times of extreme floods (about every 10 years) this road link is cut by floods. Use this tool to build your own journey or choose from an exciting range of specially selected tours. Portland is gloriously bereft of this quality. 16.11.2020 Top 10 Isle of Portland Sehenswürdigkeiten: Hier finden Sie 4.508 Bewertungen und Fotos von Reisenden über 36 Sehenswürdigkeiten, Touren und Ausflüge - alle Isle of Portland … [30], Portland is in the Dorset unitary authority, administered by Dorset Council. [89] The limestone cliffs and quarries are used for rock climbing; Portland has areas for bouldering and deep water soloing, however sport climbing with bolt protection is the most common style. Join Dorset based walking enthusiast Richie as he explores the Weymouth and Portland Legacy Trail. Source: 1981–2010 averages for the Isle of Portland climate station and Weymouth Cefas station. All over the island you'll find great little cafes, restaurants and pubs - some are now offering takeaways to enjoy out and about or delivered to your door. [44][45] Portland Gas applied to excavate 14 caverns to store 1,000,000,000 cubic metres (3.5×1010 cu ft) of natural gas, which is one percent of the UK's total annual demand. 'Beauty' in this construction implies the picturesque. [42], The Isle of Portland has been designated by Natural England as National Character Area 137. Portland’s coastline is a mecca for the sporty, with adventure seekers flocking to enjoy the many activities on offer including renowned rock-climbing, abseiling, diving and excellent sailing and kite surfing thanks to the reliable winds. The Romans occupied Portland, reputedly calling it Vindelis. Serving a delicious locally-sourced menu with vegan and gluten free options, as well as fresh seafood specials, we're sure you'll have a fabulous time. A barrier beach called Chesil Beach joins it to the mainland. [99][100], In Museums Without Walls, Jonathan Meades declares that "Portland is a bulky chunk of geological, social, topographical and demographic weirdness. [74], St George's Community Primary School is located in Easton. The distinctive red and white striped Portland Bill Lighthouse and visitor centre is the island’s main draw and is open to tourists in the high season where you can climb the 153 steps to the top of the tower for some exceptional views. [73] Trains run from Weymouth to London, Southampton, Bristol and Gloucester but ferries no longer transport passengers to the French port of St Malo and the Channel Islands of Guernsey and Jersey. Steeped in maritime history and heritage, there are museums, castles and not one but three lighthouses to explore, not to mention the folklore and tales of pirates and smugglers to discover. Quarrying still continues on the island although many of the disused quarries have now been reclaimed by nature. The Merchant's Railway was the earliest—it opened in 1826 (one year after the Stockton and Darlington railway) and ran from the quarries at the north of Tophill to a pier at Castletown, from where the Portland stone was shipped around the country. The current lighthouse was refurbished in 1996 and became remotely controlled. [81], In 2005, the WPNSA was selected to host sailing events at the 2012 Olympic Games—mainly because the Academy had recently been built, so no new venue would have to be provided. If you would like to know what to expect when visiting, please read the new ‘know before you go’ information about Portland to help you plan ahead and enjoy your visit. As well as catering for skilled sailors, the academy run fab lessons for beginners so why not give it a go yourself and skim across the waters that saw Ben Ainslie become the most decorated sailor in Olympic history! [41] Many old buildings are built out of Portland Stone; several parts have been designated Conservation Areas to preserve the unique character the older settlements which date back hundreds of years. Rufus Castle, standing over Church Ope Cove was built for William II of England (also known as William Rufus) soon after the conquest of England by his father William the Conqueror. Know Before You Go - Covid-19 information, Dorsets Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Areas Of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). [50] Chesil Beach is one of only two sites in Britain where the scaly cricket can be found; unlike any other cricket it is wingless and does not sing or hop. The borough of Weymouth and Portland formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 by merger of Portland urban district with the borough of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. From its inception it was a Royal Navy base, and played prominent roles during the First and Second World Wars; ships of the Royal Navy and NATO countries worked up and exercised in its waters until 1995. Chesil Beach occasionally faces severe storms and massive waves, which have a fetch across the Atlantic Ocean. Fancy enjoying something to eat or drink with views over Portland Harbour? None of that castle remains; the existing castle dates from the 15th century. It is awesome. [84][85][86][87][88], Weymouth Bay and Portland Harbour are used for other water sports – the reliable wind is favourable for wind and kite-surfing. [1] The population is almost entirely native to the United Kingdom: 93.9 percent of residents are of white British ethnicity,[1] well above the England and Wales average of 80.5 percent. Copyright 2020 Visit Dorset. The Isle of Portland is a tied island, 4 miles (6 km) long by 1.7 miles (2.7 km) wide, in the English Channel. Portland is a part of Dorset like no other; wild, natural and ruggedly beautiful. The base was gradually improved with additional landing areas and one of England's shortest runways, at 229 metres (751 ft).[24]. Walkers and cyclists delight in the Portland loop of the South West Coast Path, which circles around the island mapping out an unmissable 9.5 mile trail of dramatic, rugged cliffs, nationally rare plants, hidden coves and stunning views. [19] Coastal flooding has affected Portland's residents and transport for centuries—the only way off the island by land is along the causeway in the lee of Chesil Beach. The Bill has three lighthouse towers. The naval base closed after the end of the Cold War in 1995, and the Royal Naval Air Station closed in 1999, although the runway remained in use for Her Majesty's Coastguard Search and Rescue flights as MRCC Portland[24] until 2014. [31], Portland is an ancient royal manor, and until the 19th century remained a separate liberty within Dorset for administration purposes. [56] Sunshine totals in all months are well above the United Kingdom average,[61] and monthly rainfall totals throughout the year are less than the UK average, particularly in summer;[61] this summer minimum of rainfall is not experienced away from the south coast of England. [44][45] It was proposed that the caverns should be connected to the National gas grid at Mappowder via a 37-kilometre (23 mi) pipeline. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. You can be sure of a room with a view on the breathtaking Isle of Portland. [94], Thomas Hardy described Portland as "the peninsula carved by Time out of a single stone", and named it the Isle of Slingers and Isle of the Race in his Wessex novels; it was the main setting of The Well-Beloved (1897), and was featured in The Trumpet-Major (1880). You might like to download our Portland town map and Visitor Guide for some more information and inspiration, or head over to our Things to Do on Portland page for even more ideas. [95] If a rabbit was seen in a quarry, the workers would go home for the day, until the safety of the area had been assured. The Boat That Rocks is the perfect location for watching the sailing action out on the water on enjoying a few sundowners on the outdoor terrace. Looking out to sea from Portland Bill fills you with a feeling of exhilaration, especially on a stormy day where the waves crash powerfully against the craggy shore and across the Portland Race.

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