The monastery gained support for its foundation, and its icons were cleaned and well taken care of by the museum. In March of 2007 I had the good fortune of visiting the Getty Museum in Los Angeles to visit the exhibit, “Holy Image/Hallowed Ground: Icons from Sinai.” This was a collection of icons on loan from the Monastery of Saint Catherine on Mount Sinai.  Therefore, by the time the era of iconoclasm had been initiated by Emperor Leo III in 726, the Monastery of Saint Catherine had already been protected under Muslim rule for nearly a century and was able to survive the destruction of iconoclasm. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Archangel Gabriel Icon in Blue and Red.png, Archangel Gabriel Icon wearing sacred blue.png, George John Ephraim Triptychon fragment Sinai 14th century.jpg, Icon of Apostle Philip (10th c, St. Catherine monastery, Sinai).jpg, Isajah & Mary Icon Sinai 13th century.jpg, John the Baptist Icon Sinai 14th century.jpg, Ladder of Divine Ascent Sinai 12th century.jpg, Last Judgement Sinai 12th century (detail).jpg, Lazarus Miracle Icon Sinai 12th century.jpg, Lazarus Miracle Icon Sinai 13th century.jpg, Michael Miracle Icon Sinai 12th century.jpg, Moses & Bush Icon Sinai c12th century.jpg, Nativity, St. Catherine Monastery, Sinai, 6th century.jpg, St Eustratius Miracle Icon Sinai 12th century.jpg, St Theodor & George Sinai 9-10th century.jpg, The Ladder of Divine Ascent Monastery of St Catherine Sinai 12th century.jpg, Transfiguration of Christ Icon Sinai 12th century.jpg, Vethiy Denmi (Icons from Saint Catherine's Monastery).jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Icons_from_Saint_Catherine%27s_Monastery,_Mount_Sinai&oldid=376818828, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In which Christ is presented in the act of blessing with His right hand while holding a closed gospel book in His left. Saint Catherine’s Monastery is the oldest continually inhabited Christian monastery in the world. For more analysis of the icons from the monastery’s collection, visit this site.  As with many of the early icons from Sinai, the Christ Pantocrator was created by using this technique, known as encaustic—a medium using hot wax paint—that would rarely continue to be utilized in the Byzantine world after the iconoclastic controversies of the eighth and ninth centuries. The collection of icons from the monastery at the Getty exhibit represented the more famous of the monastery’s icons, but the true extent of the monastery’s collection is unknown, except to the supervising monks of the monastery, and perhaps a few priviledged art historians and scholars, the Getty staff among them. Many thanks to the Getty Museum for having sponsored the wonderful collection of icons from the Monastery of Saint Catherine on Sinai. , Survival from Byzantine Iconoclasm and aftermath. Obviously the museum benefited financially and in prestige by hosting the icon exhibit. Not only were they exquisite from an artistic and historical viewpoint, the icons exuded a spiritual radiance, not only because of the holy subject matter, but also because of the honor the icons had received through the centuries, and the prayers which had been said before them in the spiritually dynamic monastery atmosphere. Weitzmann, “Mosaic in St. Catherine’s,” 392; Galey, Forsyth, Weitzmann, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christ_Pantocrator_(Sinai)&oldid=946904829, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chatzidakis, Manolis and Walters, Gerry. “An Encaustic Icon of Christ at Sinai.”.  When Saint Catherine’s Monastery was founded by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, late in his reign, between 548 and 565, it enjoyed imperial patronage and donations from Justinian and his court, with the Christ Pantocrator icon having been one of the many possible imperial gifts. The following 56 files are in this category, out of 56 total. According to the Hebrew Scriptures, Moses’ encounter with the Burning Bush was here and continues to take root under the altar in the crypt. Christ Pantocrator, Encaustic on wood, St. Catherine’s Monastery Sinai, 6th century.  Furthermore, the location of the monastery in the rocky desert of Sinai, far away from any major trade or military route, kept the contents within St. Catherine’s safe from raiders as well as conquering armies. Kurt Weitzmann, “The Mosaic in St. Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai,”. John Galey, George Forsyth, and Kurt Weitzmann, Manolis Chatzidakis and Gerry Walters, “An Encaustic Icon of Christ at Sinai,”. Weitzmann, Kurt. ( Log Out / It fascinated me as I entered the exhibit hall to view icons that I had seen in icon books for decades. , With a height of 84 cm, width of 45.5 cm, and a thickness of 1.2 cm, the icon was originally taller and wider before its top and sides were cut.  Because of this, it is generally believed to have been produced in the Byzantine capital of Constantinople. On the top of Mount Sinai where today pilgrims and hikers stand to watch the sun rise, Moses received the Ten Commandments. Nelson, Robert S., Collins, Kristen M., and J. Paul Getty Museum. The Christ Pantocrator of St. Catherine’s Monastery at Sinai is one of the oldest Eastern Roman religious icons, dating from the 6th century AD.  Otherwise there is only one spot with major damage, a large portion of Christ’s hair on his left side, including his left ear and shoulder. ( Log Out / St Antipas Icon Sinai 13th century.jpg 1,101 × 1,417; 1.63 MB. I n March of 2007 I had the good fortune of visiting the Getty Museum in Los Angeles to visit the exhibit, “Holy Image/Hallowed Ground: Icons from Sinai.”This was a collection of icons on loan from the Monastery of Saint Catherine on Mount Sinai. This category has only the following subcategory. And the public had a unique oportunity to view such a wonderful collection of icons which otherwise they would never perhaps have heard of. Chatzidakis and Walters, “An Encaustic Icon,” 202. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Saint Catherine’s Monastery is the oldest continually inhabited Christian monastery in the world.  Christ’s features on his left side (the viewer's right) are supposed to represent the qualities of his human nature, while his right side (the viewer's left) represents his divinity.  The original encaustic surface has continually been preserved in excellent condition overall. Because of this and because of its isolated location, it has been somewhat immune from the ravages of persecution, the monastery’s collection of icons is one of the largest and oldest in Christendom. The Emperor Justinian supported the building of the formal monastery buildings, including the original Church of the Transfiguration, between 527-65. The Getty exhibit was a win-win-win situation. Chatzidakis and Walters, “An Encaustic Icon,” 201.  Even today the monastery houses more than 2,000 icons, dating from the sixth century to modern times. The style of this St. Catherine’s Monastery’s icon is similar to the consular diptychs of the Roman Empire in his carrying the cross-staff (scepter and keys (like a consular mappa). Three clipea at top echo consular triad of emperor, empress and co-consul. Change ), Monastery Icons Posts YouTube Video on Painting Icons, Holy Image/Hallowed Ground: Icons from Sinai, https://monasteryicons.wordpress.com/2008/05/21/the-icons-of-the-monastery-of-st-catherine-of-sinai/. Diane Apostolos-Cappadona of Artcyclopedia gives a brief history of the monastery: Formally established in the 6th century, the Holy Monastery of Saint Catherine exists at a site sacred to the three monotheistic traditions of the West. This page was last edited on 23 March 2020, at 02:31. Galey, John, Forsyth, George, and Weitzmann, Kurt. , For a time the icon was thought to have been dated from the thirteenth century, since it had been almost completely painted over at that time, but it was concluded in 1962 that it is in fact from the mid-sixth century, although the exact date of production is still unknown.
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