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how to pollinate pomegranate flowers

You can grow pomegranates in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. Therefore, to help them increase their incomes, the USAID Agricultural Assistance to Azerbaijan Project (ASAP) is working with pomegranate growers to improve quality for both the export and premium domestic markets. It is thought to come from Iran initially. The red or white flowers on the pomegranate grow up to 1 inch in diameter. Most pomegranates are self-fruitful, meaning they do not require another tree to cross pollinate with, as the bees do all the work. The flowers are self-pollinating, though fertility is improved through cross-pollination. Sign up for our newsletter. The Complete Guide to Saving Seeds; Robert E. Gough, et al. Water every two to four weeks during the dry season when you are establishing new shrubs. Cut the pomegranate back once it is two feet high. That said, planting another pomegranate nearby can increase fruit production on both plants. Pollinated blooms lose their petals and mature into fruit that ripen within five to seven months. Visit his website,, follow him on Twitter @walterreeves, on Pinterest, or join his Facebook Fan Page at for more garden tips. Pomegranate flowers can pollinate themselves, pollinate other blossoms on the same tree or cross-pollinate with neighboring pomegranates. A little cross pollination can’t hurt, but it isn’t necessary. As mentioned, pollination of pomegranate trees is done by bees. The first is to hand-pollinate — a very simple process. Pomegranate pollen is rarely spread by wind, relying largely on insect activity to move between flowers. How To Pollinate Paw Paw Tree Flowers By Hand. If your plant is in a shaded area, you may want to move it. This leads us to the questions, “Do pomegranates need a pollinator?” or “Are pomegranate trees self-pollinating?” Read on to learn more about pollinating pomegranates. Monitor the pomegranate tree or trees regularly for open flowers to determine when to begin performing hand pollination. Bart Daugherty, Sugar Hill. The leaves are glossy and have a narrow, lance shape. CNFA is committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience in accordance with ADA standards and guidelines. Each yellowish, pollen-covered anther is at the end of a reddish stalk known as a filament. The optimal areas for this fruit are USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 to 10. Depending on the cultivar, the flowers bloom on the plants from May through the fall. Fertilize in November and March for the first two years. Double-flowered pomegranates usually have small fruit or none at all because it is too hard for insects to get inside the petals and move the pollen around. Cross-pollination, aided by insect pollinators, usually yields larger harvests. Then, on ASAP’s recommendation, Samedov purchased a cultivator and chemical sprayer (at a total cost of 9300 AZN), and initiated the application of mineral fertilizers for the first time, buying six tons of triple 16 and four tons of urea (for 3080 AZN). Where insect activity is lacking, to ensure cross-pollination, or to experiment with breeding, you may have to pollinate pomegranate flowers by hand to see the fruit your desire. Do Pomegranate Plants Need Another Pollinator? You can opt-out at any time. The pomegranate fruit is approximately 2.5 to five inches wide. Beginning in March keep an eye on mature trees for the presence of the upside down maroon flowers. Find out more about how we use cookies and how you can change your settings by reading our Privacy Policy. The major issue is with pomegranate tree pollination. The average size of a standard pomegranate shrub is 12 to 16 feet tall with a round shape. Lastly, pomegranates flower on new growth. You can stop when there are no new flowers. Fruit is formed on short spurs on the two- to three-year-old stems which a light annual pruning will encourage. Get a small artist’s paintbrush and gently probe inside a flower until the tip is covered in yellow pollen. A: Replant them now. The pomegranate shrub is drought tolerant, though irrigation is needed for proper fruit production, per the California Rare Fruit Growers (CRFG). Pomegranates are prone to producing suckers, so remove them as they appear. Debbie Hipps, McDonough. For the best possible harvest, having a second pomegranate tree as a pollinator will help. Good sources of native plants include Trees Atlanta (, Chattahoochee Nature Center (, Nearly Native Nursery (, Night Song Native Plant Nursery (, GSU Perimeter College Native Plant Garden ( and the Georgia Native Plant Society ( All of the male flowers and any un-fertilized female flowers … Seeds may be used, but varieties may not stay true. Move to another flower and do the same. Pomegranates are mostly self-fertile, meaning that an individual plant can pollinate itself, although cross-pollination, using pollen from one plant to pollinate another, increases yield. Are Arapaho Blackberry Bushes Self-Pollinating? Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! About Pomegranate Flowers. For more details, see our, Dwarf Fruit Trees You Can Grow in Any Yard, How to Grow Salvia leucantha (Mexican Bush Sage), Weeping Bottlebrush Plant (Callistemon viminalis): Care and Growing Guide. Use a pair of pruning shears to cut the stem above the fruit instead of pulling it off. Lastly, incorporate pollen laden wildflowers and other pollinator attracting blooms into your garden to attract the bee who can then get busy pollinating the pomegranates. Pomegranate trees are self-fruitful, which means the flowers on the pomegranate are both male and female. Propagation is through cuttings taken in winter and air layering. George, Johns Creek. Azerbaijani pomegranates, however, have the potential to be a notable exception. It used to have its own family, Punicaceae, but studies have shown that it is part of the Lythraceae family. Pomegranates do best in a soil pH of 5.5 to 7.0 with excellent soil drainage.

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